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Calculation Reference
Data

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Thoram Charanda
Guardian Manufacturing Inc
R&D Facility
2750 Dillard Road, Suite 12
Eustis, FL 32726
352-483-3333

Ozone Calculation Reference Data

Provides basic guidance on calculations and units of measure common in ozone systems.


Reference Conditions:
There are 2 sets of reference conditions commonly used for ozone measurements:
  • Standard Temperature and Pressure (STP)
  • Normal Temperature and Pressure (NTP)

These are both defined as 1 Atmosphere, with STP at 0°C and NTP at 20°C.

It is important to understand these reference conditions because flow and concentration measurements are typically ‘corrected’ to one or the other. The ‘correction’ is calculated based on a fixed mass of gas.

Flow translation:

Flows referenced to STP (SLPM, SCFH) may have to be converted to NTP. Flows referenced to NTP (most rotometer readings) may have to be converted to STP.

The Ideal gas law is used to make the conversion:

Flows referenced to STP (SLPM, SCFH) may have to be converted to NTP. Flows referenced to NTP (most rotometer readings) may have to be converted to STP.

The Ideal gas law is used to make the conversion:

If PV1 = nRT1 describes the fixed mass of gas at one condition, and PV2 = nRT2 describes the same mass of gas at the other condition then:

P: pressure is the same (1 ATM)

N: Number of molecules is the same

R: Gas Constant

T: defined by the reference conditions (absolute temp)

So:

V1/T1 = V2/T2

Or:

V2 = V1*(T2/ T1)

For the case of a sample at NTP, the volume would decrease by a factor of (273.15)/(20+273.15),

Or 0.93

NLPM * 0.93 = SLPM

Mg/NM3 / 0.93 = Mg/SM3

The same approach may be used to convert to one of the reference conditions from any other condition (from room temperature, for example).